How to Start Chicken Farming

April 14, 2023

Starting a poultry farm business can be a lucrative endeavor for ambitious poultry farmers. A poultry company requires careful planning, research, and a solid understanding of the industry. With the right preparation, you’ll be well on your way to success. Let’s begin!

Poultry Farming in The US

Poultry farming is a significant contributor to the US economy, with a poultry industry market size of $57.8 billion in 2023. The industry caters to different scales, from small-scale backyard chicken keepers to large commercial farms. Backyard chicken keeping is becoming increasingly popular as a hobby, while commercial farms operate on a larger scale, producing meat and eggs for local and international markets.

Types of Chicken Farms

Chicken farms can vary in type, with the three most common types being broiler farms, egg farms, and farms that raise chickens for both meat and egg production. Here are some details about each type:

Broiler Chickens

Broiler farms aim to raise chickens for meat, using specialized feed and lighting for optimal weight and meat quality. Proper ventilation, temperature, humidity, cleaning, and disinfecting are crucial for management.

Egg Production

Egg farms produce eggs for consumption and house chickens in barns or free-range settings. Proper nutrition, lighting, and nesting boxes are essential for egg-laying. Farmers must manage the flock year-round for consistent egg quality and quantity while following local regulations.

Raising Chickens for Both Meat Production and Egg Production

Dual-purpose chicken farms raise chickens for eggs and chicken meat, requiring specialized management. Facilities must accommodate both processes, and chickens must have dual-purpose genetics. Feed like corn and soybean meal and management practices must balance for optimal production.


Begin by Planning the Chicken Farm Business

Proper planning is important when starting any business, including poultry companies. This section outlines key considerations for planning a successful chicken farm business.

Create a Poultry Farming Business Plan

Outline a clear roadmap of the chicken farm business, including the goals, strategies, and financial projections.

Research the Market

Gather information about the local market demand, competition, and consumer behavior to make informed decisions.

Form a Legal Entity and Register Your Poultry Farming Business

Select an appropriate legal entity, register the business with the government, and obtain the necessary licenses and permits.

Name and Brand Your Poultry Farming Business

Choose a memorable and unique name, and create a brand identity that represents the business values and mission.

Open a Business Bank Account

Separate personal and business finances by opening a business bank account to manage transactions and monitor cash flow.

Decide on A Marketing Strategy

Develop a marketing plan to reach potential customers through advertising, promotions, and other strategies that fit the business goals and budget.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Starting Chicken Farming

Starting a chicken farming business can be a rewarding and profitable venture. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started:

Decide on The Niche: Broiler Chickens or Egg Production

Determine whether you want to raise broiler chickens for meat production or hens to lay eggs.

Check What Permits May be Needed to Raise Chickens in Your Area

Contact your local government or agricultural agency to find out what permits and regulations are required to raise chickens in your area.

Join the National Chicken Council if Raising Chickens for Meat Production

If you plan to raise chickens for meat production, consider joining the National Chicken Council to stay up-to-date with industry standards and regulations.

Learn Everything you Can About The Poultry Farm Business

Research and educate yourself on the basics of poultry farming, including breeding, hatching, and caring for chickens.

Obtain or Build a Chicken Coop and Poultry Farming Equipment

Invest in or construct a sturdy chicken coop and necessary equipment such as feeders, waterers, and incubators.

Research Poultry Feed

Learn about different types of poultry feed and their nutritional values to ensure your chickens receive a balanced diet.

Determine Marketing and Sales Strategies

Develop a plan for marketing and selling your chicken products, including where and how you will sell them.

Establish a Biosecurity Plan

Protect your chickens from disease by creating and implementing a biosecurity plan that includes measures such as sanitizing equipment and limiting visitors.

Hire Experienced Staff or Learn Basic Animal Care

Hire experienced staff or learn the basics of animal care to ensure your chickens receive proper care and attention.

Manage Finances and Keep Detailed Records

Monitor your expenses, sales, and profits, and keep detailed records to help you make informed business decisions.

How Much Do Poultry Farmers Make?

Poultry farming is a lucrative business, with farmers making up to $100,000 annually depending on the size of the farm and type of poultry. Factors such as breed, feed costs, poultry housing,` and marketing will affect profit margins directly.

Are There Any Downsides to Chicken farming?

While chicken farming can be a profitable and rewarding business, there are potential downsides to consider. Here are a few:

Labor-Intensive Work

Chicken farming can be physically demanding, with daily chores such as cleaning coops, feeding and watering chickens, and collecting eggs.

Health Risks and Biosecurity Concerns

Raising chickens can expose farmers to health risks such as avian influenza, and maintaining biosecurity to prevent disease spread can be challenging.

Market Volatility and Uncertainty

Chicken farming profits can be influenced by market conditions such as fluctuations in chicken feed prices and demand for chicken products, making it a volatile and unpredictable industry.

The Bottom Line

Starting a chicken farming business can be a lucrative and rewarding venture. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can get started in the poultry farming industry. Consider using a farm app to manage your operations and look into deer farming as another potential opportunity for diversification.

Chicken Farm FAQs

How Many Chickens are Needed for A Profitable Poultry Farm?

A minimum of 500-1000 chickens is typically required to generate a reasonable income with your own poultry business but ultimately it’s up to the individual farmer to decide how many chickens are necessary to start a poultry farm.

Is Chicken Farming Profitable?

Chicken farming can be a profitable business if managed well. Researching the steps on how to start a farm and learning how to make money farming can increase the chances of success.

How Many Chickens do you Need to Start a Farm?

Having the right number of birds is essential. The typical rule of thumb suggests 6-8 hens per person, depending on what you want to produce.

How Long Does it Take for Chickens to Grow?

Broiler chickens can reach market weight in 6-8 weeks while laying hens can start producing farm-fresh eggs around 5 months old. Knowing how to start an egg farm can help you manage your flock’s growth and production.

Is Chicken Farming Humane?

The chicken business can be humane when birds are given ample space in their chicken house, access to sunlight, and proper care to keep chickens healthy. However, in commercial settings, overcrowding and other practices can lead to poor welfare conditions.

What is The Best Type of Chicken Coop?

A suitable coop should protect chickens from predators, provide adequate ventilation and space, and be easy to clean and maintain.

Image: Envato Elements

This article, “How to Start Chicken Farming” was first published on Small Business Trends



Leave the first comment